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Posts Tagged ‘PaaS


1. Private cloud deployment is fast and furious.

There has been a rapid rise in private cloud adoption among large enterprises. This isn’t really a surprise as there are a fairly robust set of infrastructures and applications that enterprise IT staff manage and they want to take advantage of the tools and technologies available in the private cloud space – such as multi-tenancy, service automation and self-service portals. Companies are moving past traditional San Diego Colocation, Phoenix Colocation and Los Angeles Colocation. IT staffs think in terms of three core capabilities or “services stacks” that cloud computing can provide their organizations: Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS) and the familiar Software as a Service (SaaS). Private Clouds provide a framework to streamline the delivery of these IT services to internal customers, enabling business agility while reducing cost.

2.      The hybrid cloud is here to stay.

Across all sectors in both large and mid-size enterprises, it’s clear that the hybrid cloud computing model – linking an internal, premises-based private cloud with the capabilities and bandwidth of public clouds – is here to stay. Companies are looking at application stratification when making decisions. Certain types of CRM, collaboration and messaging applications are seen as appropriate for public clouds, while applications with more sensitive or private information – such as those with industry or government compliance requirements – are being architected to reside within private infrastructures or application spaces that exist within the four walls of the enterprise. “We can appreciate that separation and the reasons for it,” Doscher says. “The Enteracloud Enterprise Cloud Platform offers a shared, multi-tenancy environment that enables us to consult and build a roadmap for our customers. We leverage ITSM and business processes to allow customers to take their existing private cloud infrastructure and build a blueprint that addresses application cloud awareness, connectivity, and security in building one’s hybrid cloud strategy.”

3.      Consolidation is inevitable.

Every technology and industry has gone through cycles of consolidation and while the trend isn’t new, it seems to be one that is gaining traction in the cloud. Customers are seeking to deploy applications in different ways creating demand for consolidation of the cloud delivery models – IaaS, PaaS and SaaS – in the form of a unified stack as a service delivery model. This may be a harbinger of consolidation of cloud service providers as well, in order to provide greater economies of scale to customers. Today a provider may be focused on infrastructure, but with no linkage to the applications. Or a provider may be focused on software, but with no capabilities to manage their cloud-based infrastructure. There is a customer requirement for these capabilities going forward and an effort needs to be made to consolidate infrastructure and platform, bridging these two areas where integration makes the most sense. Doing so allows customers to take advantage of an elastic infrastructure with platform hooks for building and running custom applications.

4.      Application-specific cloud communities are forming.

In public space in particular, discussions around application-specific cloud communities are on the rise, particularly so in three central areas:

 

  • Application Performance Communities
  • Regulatory Communities
  • Location-Based Services Communities

5.      Managed Services get a cloud twist.

Cloud computing has refueled interest in “outsourcing” tasks and organizations are again looking to managed services as they reassess their resource strategies. They are not focused on the ability to utilize a virtual machine, but are focused on the management of infrastructure and taking advantage of the services that cloud computing offers. So, the cloud has become the trigger for discussion and a renewed interest and demand for managed services.


  • PaaS Rules: IaaS becomes niche. In the long-run, IaaS doesn’t make sense, except for a limited set of scenarios. All IaaS providers want to be PaaS when they grow up.
  • Public Rules: Internal clouds will be niche. In the long-run, Internal Clouds (clouds operated in a company’s own data centers, aka “private clouds”) don’t make sense. The economies of scale, specialization (an aspect of economies of scale, really) and outsourcing benefits of public clouds are so overwhelming that it will not make sense for any one company to operate its own data centers. Sure, there need to be in place many security and isolation measures, and feel free to call them “private clouds” — but they will be owned and operated by a few major public providers.
  • Specialized Clouds: There are many dimensions to an application: the pattern of its workload; the government regulations it must adhere to; the geographic access to it; the programmig language and framework it supports; the levels of security, performance and reliability it requires; and other more specialized requirements. It’s not a one-size-fits-all world. At least, not always. There will be big generic clouds, and then, many specialized clouds. I’ve written about this in the past.
  • Government Regulation: The largest cloud providers will become nationally strategic infrastructure (like utilities, financials, telcos, airlines and shipping companies in the past). Given my “public rules” prediction above, cloud providers will become crucial infrastructure to the economy and the interests of their respective nations. They will become “too big to fail”. Any change in their pricing will have a profound effect on the economy. And they will also hold the risk of a “cloud run” (similar to a “bank run”, a sudden surge of demand they haven’t anticipated. Not to mention the fact that they will maintain the sensitive data of consumers, corporations and government agencies. Any way you slice it, it spells regulation. But if history teaches us anything, this regulation will only come after “The Great Cloud Catastrophe” (use your imagination to figure out what that will look like).
  • The Control vs. Freedom Debate: This sums up the story of cloud computing so far. Freedom is the catch-all phrase for drivers of cloud adoption (no upfront costs, on-demand, self-service, empowerment of the rank & file – e.g., developers), but control (or lack thereof) is the catch-all phrase of barriers to adoption by large enterprises. Every democratic country experiences this: there is sometimes a contradiction between the so-called sacred principles of rule-of-law and personal freedom. It’s a matter of drawing the line — and we’re just in the beginning stages of understanding this issue when it comes to cloud computing. This debate will be with us for years to come and will shape the variety of enterprise cloud computing offerings.
  • Cloud Federations – While AWS has enjoyed tremendous international success, in any business that relies heavily on trust, such as IT, nothing beats a local brand. So people will flock to the cloud of their trusted national telco or big IT provider. But on the flip side, they will need to reach a global audience and will want servers around the world. As a result, we will see the formation of cloud federations, similar to what we see in airline alliances, such as Star, SkyTeam and Oneworld.
  • Financial Efficiency and Sophistication: Computing is a commodity, and every commodity ends up being traded, future-traded, brokered, arbitraged, speculated and manipulated with derivative instruments. The good: the market becomes very efficient. The bad: the market becomes complex and opaque. We are already seeing spot markets
  • Cloud Standards: About two years ago there was a strong wave of interest and discussion about the need for cloud standards. I wrote then, and still believe, it is too soon. But it is also inevitable. We will, however, see multiple competing standards. At least one formal stanard specification from a standards body and several de facto standards from large commercial players such as Amazon and VMWare.
  • The Ecosystem Wars: I’ve recently written about the importance of ecosystems in cloud computing. Success in building an ecosystem will be a determining factor in who wins and losses in the cloud. It is not just about the size and breadth of the ecosystem, but how well it all works together. In many ways, Amazon has done a poor job of this so far, but it has the one big compelling factor for an ecosystem: a very large install base.
  • Horizontal and Vertical Consolidation: As with any industry, as cloud computing matures, it will consolidate. This will happen both horizontally, for example large IaaS players will roll-up regional and smaller IaaS and hosting providers, as well as vertically, for example IaaS providers will acquire cloud management system providers such as RightScale and enStratus.

  • Global platform-as-a-service (PaaS) revenue is on pace to reach $707.4 million in 2011, up from $512.4 million in 2010, according to Gartner Inc.
  • In its Forecast: Platform as a Service, Worldwide, 2010-2015, 3Q11 Update” report, Gartner also finds that the market will experience consistent growth with worldwide PaaS revenue, totaling $1.8 billion in 2015
  • Initial PaaS products primarily supported application server capability, but the market has since expanded to encompass other middleware capabilities as a service, such as integration, process management, and portal and managed file transfers (MFTs). PaaS offerings are increasingly set to take market share from the low end of the portal, application server and business process management (BPM) markets, however, as the technology matures, PaaS offerings will also challenge the upper layers of the market, added the analyst firm.
  • Gartner analysts said PaaS offerings are likely to expand the application integration and middleware (AIM) market by bringing in a new range of organizations that otherwise would have been packaged application and office software users.
  • One of the likely consequences of the cloud for the application integration and middleware (AIM) market is further market concentration,” said Yefim Natis, vice president and distinguished analyst at Gartner. When application infrastructure is deployed on-premises, organizations can take a best-of-breed approach and integrate all acquired components in their data centre, he added

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1. Government and public services

  • The investment in cloud computing has gradually turned into practical application in government industries. One application is called Government Administration Cloud used as government administration and computing platform by its officials and staff; the other application is called Public Services Cloud used for serving the public. To be more specific, Government Administration Cloud provides a platform for government administration informatization and services collaboration, which includes such management functions as unified government email, data storage and processing, urban emergency command, population management, urban disaster and risk control, food safety and so on. Public Services Cloud can provide the public with a variety of services related to the public life such as taxation, fee payment, information announcement, consultation and others.
  • Government cloud computing center is able to store, share, exploit, search and analyze mass data, which makes intangible assets like data manageable and centralized. Through data integration and infusion technology, it can eliminate the data barrier across different departments, realize information sharing and service collaboration among all. Government Administration Cloud and Public Services Cloud will greatly improve the government informatization level and working efficiency, as well as cut down government expenses on IT construction considerably and realize environment-friendly administration.

2. Application in different industries

Manufacturing industry: Cloud computing provides an innovative operating mode.

  • The professional operators serving the manufacturing industry will provide them with software development and services based on the PaaS and SaaS model and offer overall support for products, technology, platform, operation and maintenance management. As a result enterprises can focus on manufacturing rather than IT infrastructure construction and maintenance.
  • Under the PaaS mode, the users can write their application program and run it on the cloud computing platform with programming language and tools supported by operators. Under the SaaS model, the users will have enterprise informatization solutions and services like ERP and CRM at low cost, as well as conduct simulation in a fast and effective way.
  • With services purchased, enterprises can reduce design and manufacturing cost, significantly shorten the cycle of product upgrading, enhance product performance, improve the level of company informatization, effectively stimulate innovation and considerably enhance the independent innovation efficiency and boost the core competitiveness of the enterprise.

Telecom industry: cloud computing leads to the integration of internal and external resources.

  • With the increasing size of data, widening bandwidth and the development of mobile Internet, it is necessary for telecom operators to adopt cloud computing technology to maintain their long-term competitiveness in operation efficiency and mode. Based on cloud computing technology, they are to experience significant improvements, as well as make hefty profits from various paid cloud service products. Analyzing the demand of clients in different industries, they will develop relevant cloud products, services and system of their own brands.
  • Internally telecom operators can integrate the IT resources to improve efficiency and management level, as well as reduce service cost. Externally, they can establish a basic resource platform for new business model, which provides public IT services.
  • All above will ultimately improve the efficiency of traditional telecom economy, accelerate the building of platform and integration of the industrial chain, and fulfill the application of cloud computing.

Education industry 1/4sCloud computing serves for educational informatization.

  • Cloud computing will provide universities and research institutions with a practical R&D platform in the future. It is currently accepted by Peking University and Chinese Academy of Sciences, and has shown good results. Cloud computing will be widely introduced into the rest of universities and research institutions, who will build the cloud computing platform according to their own research fields and technology requirements. They will make necessary integration of servers and stored resources in their subordinate institutes. The reusable and efficient platform will provide powerful computer resources for scientific research and teaching, which can improve the efficiency of R&D.

Medical and pharmaceutical industry: Cloud computing pushes ahead the new medical reform.

  • Enterprises and entities in the medical and pharmaceutical industry have always obtained a higher level of informatization. Under the New Medical Reform policy, they are requested to optimize and upgrade their informatization system further. With cloud platform at the core, the centralized informatization application mode will be developed, which is to gradually replace the current departments-dispersed application mode. The new mode will improve the information sharing within the pharmaceutical enterprise and enhance the overall service level of medical information sharing platform.

Agriculture

  • Together with the construction of basic infrastructure, the development of agriculture informatization includes the digitalized design of production factors, intelligentized controlling, accurate operation, scientific management and application of cloud service. Agriculture producers, operators and managers will be guided to ensure the successful launch of their products in the market. To improve their living standard, broadcast media will be used to spread information; while software and services will be specifically designed for farmers to meet their using habit, industrial and geographic characteristics.

3. Application in enterprises

Private clouds prevail in large-sized enterprises.

  • Cloud computing gets it momentum in large-sized enterprises. Private cloud application makes a breakthrough in data protection, which is highly concerned in large-sized enterprises. It speeds up the informatization process from R&D, purchase, produce, store, to sales in the enterprises and thus enhances their competitiveness.

Small and Medium-sized enterprises make PaaS/SaaS services the favorite.

  • The construction of informatization infrastructure for Small and Medium-sized enterprises is being perfected gradually and the network transmission speeds up day by day. Under the circumstance, cloud computing shows the way for renovation and changes. It will reduce the construction cycle and cost of informatization, lower operation risk and strengthen the competitiveness of the enterprises. Small and Medium-sized enterprises should select PaaS/SaaS services of high quality to ensure the cloud platform to provide IT resources in a steady, flexible and extendable way, as well as to meet the need of its core business.

June 2017
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