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Posts Tagged ‘Cloud computing


China’s top economic planner has allocated 660 million yuan (103.6 million U.S. dollars) of special funds to guide cloud computing research, as part of the government’s efforts to boost the sector’s development, the China Securities Journal reported Friday.

The funds, the first batch of their kind, were designated to 15 cloud computing programs scattered across the country’s five cloud-computing pilot cities of Beijing, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Hangzhou and Wuxi, according to the report.

Internet giants Alibaba and Baidu received more than 100 million yuan to lead the projects while several other companies, including Shanghai East-China Computer Co. Ltd and Beijing Teamsun Technology Co. Ltd, received some 15 million to 20 million yuan, the report quoted an unnamed source as saying.

The news gave a brief lift to related stocks despite the downbeat sentiment on the broader market. Stocks of East-China Computer Co. Ltd, rose 2.23 percent in the morning trading to end the session at 23.4 yuan per share.

The business-led projects will experience a five-year assessment period, through which the National Development and Reform Commission will follow and evaluate the process to decide whether to inject more money, according to the source.

The report also said China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) has drafted a framework document on the development of cloud computing during the 12th Five-Year Plan period (2011-2015).

Tang Gang, an official with the MIIT, said China will see the effects of applying the technology by the end of the 2011-2015 period, but its large-scale application won’t emerge till the 13th Five-Year Plan period (2016-2020).

According to estimates by Orient Securities, the cloud computing sector in China could be worth 750 billion to 1 trillion yuan over the next five years, about 15 percent of the value of strategic emerging industries.


Media Tablets and Beyond.

  • Users can choose between various form factors when it comes to mobile computing. No single platform, form factor or technology will dominate and companies should expect to manage a diverse environment with two to four intelligent clients through 2015. IT leaders need a managed diversity program to address multiple form factors, as well as employees bringing their own smartphones and tablet devices into the workplace.

 

  • Enterprises will have to come up with two mobile strategies – one to address the business to employee (B2E) scenario and one to address the business to consumer (B2C) scenario. On the B2E front, IT must consider social goals, business goals, financial goals, and risk management goals. On the B2C front, which includes business to business (B2B) activities to support consumers, IT needs to address a number of additional issues such as surfacing and managing APIs to access enterprise information and systems, integration with third-party applications, integration with various partners for capabilities such as search and social networking, and delivery through app stores.

 

Mobile-Centric Applications and Interfaces.

  • The user interface (IU) paradigm in place for more than 20 years is changing. UIs with windows, icons, menus, and pointers will be replaced by mobile-centric interfaces emphasizing touch, gesture, search, voice and video. Applications themselves are likely to shift to more focused and simple apps that can be assembled into more complex solutions. These changes will drive the need for new user interface design skills.

 

  • Building application user interfaces that span a variety of device types, potentially from many vendors, requires an understanding of fragmented building blocks and an adaptable programming structure that assembles them into optimized content for each device. Mobile consumer application platform tools and mobile enterprise platform tools are emerging to make it easier to develop in this cross-platform environment. HTML5 will also provide a long term model to address some of the cross-platform issues. By 2015, mobile Web technologies will have advanced sufficiently, so that half the applications that would be written as native apps in 2011 will instead be delivered as Web apps.

 

Contextual and Social User Experience.

  • Context-aware computing uses information about an end-user or objects environment, activities, connections and preferences to improve the quality of interaction with that end-user or object. A contextually aware system anticipates the user’s needs and proactively serves up the most appropriate and customized content, product or service. Context can be used to link mobile, social, location, payment and commerce. It can help build skills in augmented reality, model-driven security and ensemble applications. Through 2013, context aware applications will appear in targeted areas such as location-based services, augmented reality on mobile devices, and mobile commerce.

 

  • On the social front, the interfaces for applications are taking on the characteristics of social networks. Social information is also becoming a key source of contextual information to enhance delivery of search results or the operation of applications.

 

Internet of Things.

  • The Internet of Things (IoT) is a concept that describes how the Internet will expand as sensors and intelligence are added to physical items such as consumer devices or physical assets and these objects are connected to the Internet. The vision and concept have existed for years, however, there has been an acceleration in the number and types of things that are being connected and in the technologies for identifying, sensing and communicating. These technologies are reaching critical mass and an economic tipping point over the next few years. Key elements of the IoT include:

 

  • Embedded sensors: Sensors that detect and communicate changes are being embedded, not just in mobile devices, but in an increasing number of places and objects.
  • Image Recognition: Image recognition technologies strive to identify objects, people, buildings, places logos, and anything else that has value to consumers and enterprises. Smartphones and tablets equipped with cameras have pushed this technology from mainly industrial applications to broad consumer and enterprise applications.
  • Near Field Communication (NFC) payment: NFC allows users to make payments by waving their mobile phone in front of a compatible reader. Once NFC is embedded in a critical mass of phones for payment, industries such as public transportation, airlines, retail and healthcare can explore other areas in which NFC technology can improve efficiency and customer service.

 

App Stores and Marketplaces.

  • Application stores by Apple and Android provide marketplaces where hundreds of thousands of applications are available to mobile users. Gartner forecasts that by 2014, there will be more than 70 billion mobile application downloads from app stores every year. This will grow from a consumer-only phenomena to an enterprise focus. With enterprise app stores, the role of IT shifts from that of a centralized planner to a market manager providing governance and brokerage services to users and potentially an ecosystem to support entrepreneurs. Enterprises should use a managed diversity approach to focus on app store efforts and segment apps by risk and value.

 

Next-Generation Analytics. Analytics is growing along three key dimensions:

 

  • From traditional offline analytics to in-line embedded analytics. This has been the focus for many efforts in the past and will continue to be an important focus for analytics.
  • From analyzing historical data to explain what happened to analyzing historical and real-time data from multiple systems to simulate and predict the future.
  • Over the next three years, analytics will mature along a third dimension, from structured and simple data analyzed by individuals to analysis of complex information of many types (text, video, etc…) from many systems supporting a collaborative decision process that brings multiple people together to analyze, brainstorm and make decisions.
  • Analytics is also beginning to shift to the cloud and exploit cloud resources for high performance and grid computing.
  • In 2011 and 2012, analytics will increasingly focus on decisions and collaboration. The new step is to provide simulation, prediction, optimization and other analytics, not simply information, to empower even more decision flexibility at the time and place of every business process action.

 

Big Data.

  • The size, complexity of formats and speed of delivery exceeds the capabilities of traditional data management technologies; it requires the use of new or exotic technologies simply to manage the volume alone. Many new technologies are emerging, with the potential to be disruptive (e.g., in-memory DBMS). Analytics has become a major driving application for data warehousing, with the use of MapReduce outside and inside the DBMS, and the use of self-service data marts. One major implication of big data is that in the future users will not be able to put all useful information into a single data warehouse. Logical data warehouses bringing together information from multiple sources as needed will replace the single data warehouse model.

 

In-Memory Computing.

  • Gartner sees huge use of flash memory in consumer devices, entertainment equipment and other embedded IT systems. In addition, it offers a new layer of the memory hierarchy in servers that has key advantages — space, heat, performance and ruggedness among them. Besides delivering a new storage tier, the availability of large amounts of memory is driving new application models. In-memory applications platforms include in-memory analytics, event processing platforms, in-memory application servers, in-memory data management and in-memory messaging.

 

  • Running existing applications in-memory or refactoring these applications to exploit in-memory approaches can result in improved transactional application performance and scalability, lower latency (less than one microsecond) application messaging, dramatically faster batch execution and faster response time in analytical applications. As cost and availability of memory intensive hardware platforms reach tipping points in 2012 and 2013, the in-memory approach will enter the mainstream.

 

Extreme Low-Energy Servers.

  • The adoption of low-energy servers — the radical new systems being proposed, announced and marketed by mostly new entrants to the server business —will take the buyer on a trip backward in time. These systems are built on low-power processors typically used in mobile devices. The potential advantage is delivering 30 times or more processors in a particular server unit with lower power consumption vs. current server approaches. The new approach is well suited for certain non-compute intensive tasks such as map/reduce workloads or delivery of static objects to a website. However, most applications will require more processing power, and the low-energy server model potentially increases management costs, undercutting broader use of the approach.

 

Cloud Computing.

  • Cloud is a disruptive force and has the potential for broad long-term impact in most industries. While the market remains in its early stages in 2011 and 2012, it will see the full range of large enterprise providers fully engaged in delivering a range of offerings to build cloud environments and deliver cloud services. Oracle, IBM and SAP all have major initiatives to deliver a broader range of cloud services over the next two years. As Microsoft continues to expand its cloud offering, and these traditional enterprise players expand offerings, users will see competition heat up and enterprise-level cloud services increase.

 

  • Enterprises are moving from trying to understand the cloud to making decisions on selected workloads to implement on cloud services and where they need to build out private clouds. Hybrid cloud computing which brings together external public cloud services and internal private cloud services, as well as the capabilities to secure, manage and govern the entire cloud spectrum will be a major focus for 2012. From a security perspective new certification programs including FedRAMP and CAMM will be ready for initial trial, setting the stage for more secure cloud computing. On the private cloud front, IT will be challenged to bring operations and development groups closer together using “DevOps” concepts in order to approach the speed and efficiencies of public cloud service providers.

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  • The rapid uptake of smartphones and tablet computers is expected to create an opportunity for software developers to create mobile cloud computing services, industry experts say.
  • There has been a great deal of hype around cloud computing, an internet-based consumption and delivery model for future IT services. Basically it means the shifting of data, services and hardware from, for instance, a company’s premises or dedicated data centre, onto an external platform, often shared, and accessed via the internet. Take for example Google Docs — instead of having Word software installed on your personal computer, you access it via a browser when you require it.
  • Among the benefits of adopting cloud-computing services are a decrease in costs — mainly technology infrastructure costs — as well as increased capacity and flexibility. Although cloud computing has been touted as the next big thing for the past five or six years, it needed a critical mass of desktop users for it to take off in the developed world and so allow companies to take advantage of the benefits.
  • With the bulk of internet access taking place via cellphones, it is going to be the more compelling mobile services that will drive higher customer numbers and traffic volumes, says Wilter du Toit, the CEO of Virtual Mobile Technologies. Roelof Louw, cloud computing expert at T-Systems in SA, says the proliferation of mobile devices and applications has changed the way people buy and use business services today.
  • According to Juniper Research, more than 240-million business customers will access cloud-computing services via mobile devices by 2015.

  • Deloitte is expanding its cloud computing consulting services with the addition of Deloitte CloudPrint, a proprietary delivery framework specifically designed to help guide clients through the process of becoming a cloud service provider or subscriber.

 

  • Based on Deloitte’s experience in executing Cloud strategy and implementation efforts, CloudPrint is built around three distinct offerings:

 

  1. CloudPrint for Providers: a suite of services covering business and process transformations required to become an internal or external cloud computing service provider, including channel strategies, market analysis and maturity and operating models.
  2. CloudPrint for Subscribers: a suite of offerings covering business, organizational, and process transformations required to become a subscriber to cloud computing services — including Infrastructure as a Service, Software as a Service, and Platform as a Service.
  3. CloudPrint for Sectors:  specific sector editions containing industry insights into some of the most relevant and complex challenges facing clients.  Offerings include Subscriber editions focused on Banking, Consumer Products, Health Plan, Insurance, Life Sciences and Media; and Provider editions focused on Technology and Telecom.

 

  • CloudPrint is an expansion of Deloitte’s cloud practice, enhancing our overall cloud computing solutions and offerings for Cloud service providers and Cloud service subscribers,” said Paul Clemmons, principal, Deloitte Consulting LLP.

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Here are four questions, which include key metrics and drivers, to ask when researching cloud solutions that will maximize the value of cloud computing for your organization:

 

1. Why is investment being spent on areas of IT that are not differentiating your business and can be commoditized?

  • Key Metric: The balance of percent of investment on non-core commodity IT
  • Key drivers: TCO needs to consider where to focus IT investment

 

2. How can IT grow and adapt with the ever-increasing expansion of data storage and the growth of computing demands eclipsing on-premise facilities?

  • Key Metric: The cost of storage and archiving , recovery and continuity
  • Key drivers: Latency of network and storage costs can be targeted through considering the whole IT portfolio, not just niche use cases of cost performance. Look at the bigger picture.

 

3. How can access to new markets and new channels be better served through extending networks and partnerships?

  • Key Metric: Size of markets and effectiveness of sales channels, both internal sales and external direct sales and reselling
  • Key drivers: Total cost of acquisition can include the creation or use of third-party distributed marketplaces and self-service portals and platforms

 

4. Is your own IT fast enough to beat your competition or drive the cost savings or revenue and margin growth plans you need?

  • Key metric: Speed of IT delivery and its cost and quality of service.
  • Key drivers: Performance can be offered through selected service provisioning. Question whether all knowledge needs to be in-house. Skills can be as-a-service too.

 read more at zdnet


  • The analyst firm claims public cloud providers and private cloud users will increase investment in storage over the coming years.
  • Cloud computing will ensure growth in the storage sector for the next five years, according to new research released today.
  • Analyst firm IDC claimed increased investment in private cloud infrastructure and the growing volumes needed by public cloud providers would lead to combined storage spending of $22.6 billion by 2015.
  • “Despite current economic uncertainties, IDC expects cloud service providers – both public and private – to be among the most expansive spenders on IT products and services as they continue to build out their facilities worldwide and expand their service options,” said Richard Villars, vice president of storage systems at IDC.
  • Breaking it down, IDC claimed public cloud providers would increase their storage spend at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 23.6 per cent between 2010 and 2015. Private cloud investments, however, were set to be even higher, with a CAGR of 28.9 per cent.
  • Software as a Service is the biggest storage culprit though, with online applications storing large volumes of content, such as videos, pictures or music files.
  • Although revenues from simple, large-scale storage will please storage companies, Villars warned it might detract those vendors from providing the more complex storage solutions required by enterprise.

  • At a regional Hewlett-Packard event held in Singapore on October 18th, the keynote speaker said that companies in the Asia Pacific are more enthusiastic about migrating to the cloud than their Western counterparts.
  • The region is more ready than other regions on the planet,” says Wolfgang Wittmer, interim senior VP and general manager, Enterprise Services, Storage & Networking in the Asia Pacific & Japan.
  • This observation is apparently backed up by a recently survey on CIOs and CTOs which found that 58 percent of Chinese businesses are planning to move to the cloud. In India, the figure is 56 percent. In contrast, 32 percent of CIOs and CTOs in Europe and 34 percent in the US plan to move to the cloud.
  • Signs of this demand can be seen in the number of data centers being built in the region.
  • In APJ, new data center built annually will double between 2010 and 2014. By 2012, China will be the second-largest data center market in the world,” says EJ Bodnar, HP’s worldwide marketing director for Technology Consulting Services. This region is leapfrogging the world.
  • Recently, Google has announced plans to build facilities in Singapore, Taiwan, and Hong Kong. Already, cloud companies like Amazon Web Services and Salesforce.com have already established data centers in Singapore.
  • Asia Pacific firms are also spending more on disaster recovery on the cloud, a sign of increasing reliance.

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